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Thursday, April 5, 2018

Muslim Minority Medical Colleges in India

Muslim Minority Medical MBBS, MS, MD, Unani, Siddha, Nursing and Dental Colleges in India

Muslim (Islam) is the second largest religion in India, with 14.2% of the country's population or roughly 172 million people identifying as adherents of Islam (2011 census).

The Ministry of Minority Affairs was carved out of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and created on 29th January 2006 to ensure a more focused approach towards issues relating to the notified minority communities namely Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Sikhs, Parsis and Jain. The mandate of the Ministry includes formulation of overall policy and planning, coordination, evaluation and review of the regulatory framework and development programmes for the benefit of the minority communities.Muslim Minority Medical Colleges in India


  • Al-Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karntaka
  • JAWAHARLAL NEHRU MEDICAL COLLEGE, is part of the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP
  • Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College, is part of the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP
  • Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College, is part of the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP
  • Crescent School of Pharmacy, Chennai,Tamilnadu
  • Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine & Sciences,Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • B.P.T. Bachelor of Physiotherapy,Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • BDS, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Jauhar Institute of Medical Sciences (MBBS/MS/MD), Rampur, UP
  • Osmania Medical College (MBBS/ MD), Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • SHADAN INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL  SCIENCES, TEACHING HOSPITAL & RESEARCH CENTRE, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Indian Institute of Medical Science & Research, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
  • AIT'S INSTITUTE OF PHARMACY, MALEGAON NASIK
  • INSTITUTE OF PHARMACY (DIPLOMA), Pune
  • Allana College of Pharmacy, PUNE
  • U.B.K.W.T.s D. Pharmacy College,Aurangabad,Maharashtra
  • Ali-Allana College of Pharmacy, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
  • Royal College of Pharmacy - Pharmacy Education & Research, Malegaon, Maharashtra
  • Ahmad Garib Unani Medical College and As-Salam Hospital, Maharashtra
  • Iqra's Al Haj Abdul Razzak Kalsekar Unani Medical College, Maharashtra
  • Mohammadia Tibbia College,Maharashtra
  • Yunus Fazlani Unani Medical College, Kunjkheda,Maharashtra
  • Dr. M.I.J. Unani Tibbia Medical College & A.R.K. Hospital, MUMBAI 
  • Z.V.M. Unani Medical College & Hospital, Pune
  • Azeezia Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (MBBS/MD), Kollam , Kerala
  • Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), (MBBS/MD, Nursing, Physiotherapy and Paramedical, Hyderabad - 500082, Telangana, India
  • Al-Azhar Super Specialty Hospital And Medical College (AAMC),MBBS, Idukki District,Kerala
  • Al-Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala
  • Noorul Islam College of Dental Science, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Markaz Unani Medical College & Hospital, Calicut, Kerala
  • Khaja Bandanawaz Institute of Medical Sciences(MBBS) - Kalaburagi, Gulbarga
  • Kanachur Institute of Medical Sciences(KIMS) (MBBS) - Natekal - 575 018, Karnataka


Muslim Minority Medical Colleges in India

  • Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences(MBBS) , Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh
  • Nimra Institute of Medical Sciences,(MBBS) Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh 
  • Deccan College of Medical Sciences,MBBS,MS,MD , Santhosh Nagar, Hyderabad – 500058.
  • Dr VRK Women’s Medical College, Aziznagar(MBBS), Telangana, India
  • Katihar Medical College & Hospital(MBBS,MD,MS), Katihar , Bihar.
  • Yenepoya Medical College(MBBS),Mangalore,Karnataka
  •  KMCT Medical College(MBBS), Mukkam, Kozhikode.
  • MES medical college(MBBS,MD,MS,BDS) , Malappuram, Kerala
  • MES Nursing College,, Malappuram, Kerala
  • Travancore Medical College(MBBS,MD,MS), Mylapore, Umayanalloor,Kerala
  • Kannur Medical college(MBBS,MD,MS),Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala
  • DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences (DM WIMS) MBBS ,Wayanad, Kerala
  • DM WIMS Nursing College,Wayanad, Kerala
  • DM WIMS Pharmacy College,Wayanad, Kerala
  • Karuna Medical College(MBBS,MD,MS,Pharmacy,Nursing), Vilayodi, Chittur, Palakkad 
  • Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences & Research (MBBS ,MD,MS,BPT,BSC,PhD), New Delhi
  • Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital(MBBS,MD, MS,BSC,Nursing),Sarfarazganj, Hardoi Road, Lucknow
  • Integral University (MBBS, Bpharm, BPT,MD,MS,Phd, BSC,MpHarm, MPT),Dasauli, Bas-ha Kursi Road, Lucknow


Muslim Minority Medical in India

The Ministry of Minority Affairs is a ministry of the Government of India established in 2006. It is the apex body for the central government's regulatory and developmental programmes for the minority religious communities in India, which include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains notified as minority communities as notified by GOI in Gazette under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. As of 13 October 2015, head of the ministry, Minister of Minority Affairs is the cabinet minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi.

In the north of India most Muslim communities speak Urdu, which is not a recognized official language of India-largely because of the lack of a distinct majority population in a specific area. Apart from Kashmir, Muslims are everywhere in a minority in India.Muslim Minority Medical Colleges in India

Islam was first introduced in India through the Arab invasion of Sind in CE 712 and through subsequent invasions of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The religion firmly established itself as a force through the Mughal emperors in the sixteenth century. The Mughals generally refrained from forcible conversions to Islam, and the great Mughal Emperor Akbar granted a remarkable measure of tolerance and autonomy to non-Muslims. Although a considerable number of soldiers and officials came with the Mughals, the bulk of the Muslim population is descended from peoples of India, mainly from members of lower castes who converted to Islam as a means of escape from persecution and repression at the hands of the caste Hindus. While the concentration of Muslims was in the north-west of India (present-day Pakistan) and the east (present-day Bangladesh), there were also substantial numbers throughout the north and east. The decline of Muslim domination of India and the ultimate dispossession of the Mughal empire had a number of consequences. While bitterly resenting the loss of the empire, Muslims had to bear the brunt of the retaliatory policies at the hands of the new colonial masters after the failed uprising of 1857. Muslims had refrained from adopting the culture and language of the British both because of their religious beliefs and out of the conviction of a lack of necessity. Consequently they made themselves ineligible for positions of influence and importance. Fearing complete and permanent submersion at the hands of the majority Hindus, at the end of the nineteenth century some more articulate Muslims began a social and cultural movement intended to inculcate a sense of consciousness and create a Muslim renaissance. Features of this movement included the educational initiatives of Syed Ahmad Khan, and Agha Khan's Simla deputation, which demanded separate Muslim political representation; it culminated in the establishment of the All India Muslim League. The Muslim League came in time to represent the aspirations of the Muslim masses in India, and ultimately spearheaded the Pakistan movement led by Mohammed Ali Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan. Conflict between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress, at the helm of the movement for independence from Britain, eventually resulted in the decision to partition India and to create Pakistan.
The division of India along communal lines could not completely eradicate the religious minorities; instead it contributed to exacerbating the already existing tensions and division. The tragedy which ensued at the time of partition with Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus all victims of brutal and widespread conflict, remains one of the great catastrophes of human history. In so far as India's Muslims were concerned, the creation of Pakistan as homeland for Muslims resulted in a new minority problem for the now independent state of India. Muslim-majority regions (with the exception of Kashmir) separated to form the state of Pakistan. Muslim inhabitants of India now felt more insecure. The numerical strength of Muslims in India also decreased, from over 25 per cent of the population to about 10 per cent.
The manner of partition and the form that it took left a bitter legacy, and the perception of Muslims in India as anti-India or anti-national has done much to damage Hindu-Muslim relationships. The rise of Hindu fundamentalism as a political force, overtaking the liberal attitudes and policies that were evident in the first decades of independence, have also become an issue for Muslims to contend with. In the 1970s Indian Muslims began to reassess their own position. The Emergency of 1975-77 proved a watershed, with Muslims in northern India particularly becoming victims of a forced sterilization campaign. The movement to demand rights for Muslims began to grow in the period following the Emergency and has gathered fresh momentum in recent times. Among the most significant of the challenges for India's Muslims have been: the Shah Bano case (1985), where the demand for a uniform civil code was met with outright resistance from Muslim fundamentalist groups, polarizing views between the Hindu and Muslim communities; the destruction of the Babri Masjid (mosque) in Ayodhya in 1992, which dealt a grave blow to the secular aspirations of the Indian state; and the movement since the late 1980s for independence in Kashmir, which has had an impact for non-Kashmiri Muslims living throughout India.
Indian Muslims are not granted the same constitutional safeguards as the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and they are not entitled to reservations in employment and education. Although Hinduism is the majority religion, it is not an official or state-sponsored one; India is a secular state, and complete freedom of religion is guaranteed. The Minorities Commission, set up after the election of the Janata government in 1977, monitors the position of the non-scheduled caste and non-scheduled tribe minorities such as Muslims, although it has no powers to implement changes. Nor are Muslims entitled to reserved constituencies in central or state government assemblies, although all have Muslim parliamentary representatives. There have been several Muslim chief ministers and two Presidents have been Muslim, although the latter position has little real power despite high visibility.
Notwithstanding the large Muslim population of India, Muslims are strikingly under-represented in the civil service, military and institutions of higher education. At the beginning of the new millennium Muslims comprised only 2 per cent of the officers and 1.5 per cent of the clerks in the central civil service, and 3 per cent of the elite Indian administrative service. Less than 2 per cent of the army officer corps is Muslim, and Muslim representation in the higher echelons of the military is also poor. Beneath this pattern lies the issue of access to education and the general problem of large numbers of Muslims not being adequately trained or equipped to compete on equal terms at the market-place.
Another problem is language. In the north of India most Muslim communities speak Urdu, which is not a recognized official language of India-largely because of the lack of a distinct majority population in a specific area. Apart from Kashmir, Muslims are everywhere in a minority in India. Uttar Pradesh, the state with the largest population in India, where approximately 15 per cent of the 110 million people are Muslims, did not recognize Urdu as an official language before 1989. Muslims campaigned for Urdu to receive the status of an official language alongside Hindi. When this was granted in Uttar Pradesh in September 1989 there were clashes between Hindu and Muslim students in which at least twenty-three people died. Urdu has also received official language status in Bihar.
While major differences exist between Hindus and Muslims in their religious, cultural and social outlook, in many cases the religious divide may be only a contributing factor to intercommunal discord. The main causes of dissension and divisiveness are equally likely to be poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, and so on. Hindu extremist groups such as the Shiv Sena and the Rashriyan Sevak Sanga consider Muslims to be disloyal to the Indian state. On the other hand, Muslim extremist groups preach a militant Islam that argues for a separate way of life for Muslims. The Shah Bano case provides a notable example of this, where an elderly Muslim woman sued her divorced husband for maintenance. Muslim traditionalists, apparently backed by the majority of Muslims, saw the court ruling in her favour as interference in the Islamic personal laws which govern the community. Less traditionalist Muslims, however, saw this ruling as an important breakthrough for the rights of women under Islam.
Muslim material expectations rose during the late 1970s and 1980s. With hundreds of thousands of Muslims working in Gulf countries, the new wealth they acquired created a sense of competition between Muslims and Hindus. The small business sector in the north has also helped bring about a slow improvement in the Muslim economic position. However, the repercussions of regional and internal conflicts have produced major setbacks for Muslims. The job market in the Gulf was seriously affected in the aftermath of the Gulf War and thousands of Muslims returned home with little prospect of regaining the same level of employment that they had enjoyed in the Middle East. In many ways Muslims have been increasingly conscious of their inferior socioeconomic position, and this has given them new determination to change it. However, there is no all-Indian Muslim party, and attempts to have a common front with the scheduled castes have yet to come to fruition. There has been a lack of overall direction and of any appropriate forum through which Muslims of India can articulate their demands.

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1 comments:

Very Useful for Muslim students and parents ...
Thanks

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